The Five Skincare Ingredients You Can Trust

Your beauty regime can wait for CBD to be perfected with these complexion-boosting products in your arsenal. Here’s our handy, dermatologist approved skincare cheat sheet.

LORA GRADY

VITAMIN C, A.K.A. ASCORBIC ACID

WHAT IT DOES
This antioxidant protects skin from free radicals (unstable molecules that can cause damage to skin cells) and reduces the appearance of dark spots while stimulating collagen production.

RESEARCH NOTES
Vitamin C supplements only deliver a small amount to your skin; applying it topically allows for better absorption.

FIND THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR YOU
Use a concentration of no more than 20 per cent. And store your creams in a cool, dark spot — exposure to air and sunlight can make vitamin C inactive if exposed to sun and air.

VITAMIN A, A.K.A. RETINOL

WHAT IT DOES
Retinol repairs sun-damage, improves uneven skin tone and minimizes fine lines and wrinkles. It also helps to treat acne.

RESEARCH NOTES
Vitamin A can irritate skin, retinol is the gentlest version. If you need more potency there are prescription-strength formulations available, including tretinoin, tazarotene and adapalene.

FIND THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR YOU
You may experience dry, red skin at first. Use a nickel-sized amount of product once a week, then add a day each week. Apply before bed since sunlight can make it inactive. (Note: Retinol is not recommended for pregnant and nursing women.)

NIACINAMIDE

WHAT IT DOES
Niacinamide offers antioxidant and anti-inflammatory benefits. It helps to brighten skin tone and improves elasticity.

RESEARCH NOTES
Of the three forms of vitamin B3 (the other two are nicotinic acid and nicotinate esters), niacinamide is the most well- researched when it comes to skincare.

FIND THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR YOU
Look for concentrations of up to five per cent niacin- amide. It’s generally suitable for all skin types.

HYDROXY ACIDS

WHAT THEY DO
Hydroxy acids are known for their exfoliating superpowers. Alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs), including glycolic, citrus and lac- tic acid, are water-soluble and help smooth imperfections and improve your overall skin tone. Oil-soluble beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs), such as salicylic, take on acne and sun damage.

RESEARCH NOTES
Polyhydroxy acids (like gluconolactone) aren’t as well-researched as their cousins, but their larger molecular size may penetrate more slowly, meaning less irritation.

FIND THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR YOU
For AHAs, look for a maximum concentration of 10 to 15 percent. Concentrations of salicylic acid (the most common BHA) are available between 0.5 and five percent. In both cases, irritation may occur, so start low. Avoid using AHA’s and BHA’s at the same time to avoid further irritation.

HYALURONIC ACID

WHAT IT DOES
Hyaluronic acid acts like a sponge – it holds up to a thousand times its own weight in water and as a result it plumps up skin, reducing the appearance of wrinkles. It also treats dermatitis and redness.

RESEARCH NOTES
It’s often used as an injectable filler to instantly plump skin.

FIND THE RIGHT PRODUCT FOR YOU
It’s safe for almost all skin types. Hyaluronic acid binds to water, so it’s best to apply it to slightly damp skin or layered with a moisturizer.

Sorry, you’re not quite old enough to know if Jonathan Adler designs dirty but lives clean.

But we will be here waiting for you.

In this light it’s hard
 to tell how old you are,
 can we ask your age flattering isn’t it?

Are you of legal age in your province?